Esther 1:14, Question 2. Why does the verse mention the names of these ministers?

According to the Midrash and Talmud (see chart below) each of these names means something. Their names representing various parts of the Temple service, Rabbi Moshe Meir Weiss points out, is another example of mida kineged mida, measure for measure. The advice to which the king is forced to turn brings about his queen’s eventual downfall.

1

כרשנא

Karshena

2

שתר

Shesar

3

אדמתא

Admasa

4

תרשיש

Tarshish

5

מרס

Meres

6

מרסנא

Marshena

7

ממוכן

Memuchan

Esther Rabbah 4:2 (first opinion)

In charge of king’s plants In charge of king’s wine In charge of king’s land measures In charge of king’s household**Radal has “ships” Made diced poultry for the king Beat flour for the king Provided food for the king

Reason

Carshinin Shasa Adama Adorned with beryls (tarshish)**According to Radal, ships traveled to Tarshish Mimares Mimares Muchan

Talmud Bavli, Megillah 12b

One year-old sheep Two turtledoves Altar of earth Kohen’s garments Mixing of blood Mixing of flour and oil Preparing shulchan

Reason

“kar ben bakar” (Bamidbar 28:3) shtei torim (Vayikra 5:7) Adama (Shemos 20:21) Fourth row on breastplate (Shemos 28:20) Mimares (Mishnah, Yuma 43b) Mimares (Mishnah, Menachos 18a) Muchan (Shemos 25:23-30)

Esther Rabbah 4:2 (second opinion)

One year-old ox Two turtledoves Altar of earth Kohen’s garments Mixing of blood Mixing of flour and oil Preparing mizbeach

Reason

“par ben bakar” shtei torim (Vayikra 5:7) Adama (Shemos 20:21) Fourth row on breastplate (Shemos 28:20) Mimares (Mishnah Yuma 43b) Mimares (Mishnah Menachos 18a) Muchan (Ezra 3:3)

Esther Rabbah 4:2 (third opinion)

Scatter lupines and remove from world Make them drink “cup of reeling” Make their blood… …flow like water Stir their souls Twist their souls Crush their souls

Reason

Feeding animal before slaughter Zecharya 12:2 Dam Tarshish is port city Mimares Mimares Mima’ek

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