Esther 3:1, Question 1. After what does the action in this verse occur?

פרק ג

א אַחַר ׀ הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה גִּדַּל הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ אֶתהָמָן בֶּֽןהַמְּדָתָא הָאֲגָגִי וַיְנַשְּׂאֵהוּ וַיָּשֶׂם אֶתכִּסְאוֹ מֵעַל כָּלהַשָּׂרִים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ

Chapter 3

1. After these things, the king made Haman son of Hemdasa the Aggagite great, and he elevated him and gave him a seat above the officers with him.

  • The Talmud (Megillah 13b) uses this incident and this phraseology, as the case proof for the idea that H-Shem always creates the refuah before the machlah – the cure before the disease (as mentioned before). In other words, H-Shem first placed Esther and Mordechai in position to save the Jewish people, and only then is Haman elevated.
  • Ibn Ezra cites a later verse (Esther 3:7) that this is occurring in the twelfth year of Achashverosh’s reign. Esther was married to Achashverosh in the seventh year of his reign (ibid. 2:17). This means that five years had passed. Esther waited all of this time, married to an evil man, to figure out her role in this situation.
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