Esther 3:2, Question 3. Why does the verse use the singular “lo” (“him”) regarding the seemingly numerous subjects of the command?

Although it would seem that Mordechai is the subject of the verse as Haman wants more than anything to lower Mordechai, as we shall see (iy”H), the Vilna Gaon and the Malbim both write that Haman is the subject of the verse. In other words, Haman had to be commanded to enforce this new rule. Class participant YL suggested that perhaps this was meant to test Haman’s administrative and leadership skills and style. According to R’ Eliyahu HaCohen in his Dena Pishra, Achashverosh was ordering Haman to be nice to his subjects to earn the people’s respect.

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