Esther 9:8-9:9, Question 2. Why is there a small letter zayin in Vayizasa?

  • Midrash Rebbe Akiva ben Yosef al Osion Ketanos writes that the small letter zayin in Vayizasa hints to the seven negative characteristics which Haman ascribed to the Jews (Esther 3:8):

1. am echad – they are singular

2. mifuzar – they are spread apart

3. mifurad – they are splintered among themselves

4. bichol midinos – they are everywhere

5. vi’daseihem shonos – their laws are different from ours

6.dasei hamelech einamosim – they ignore your law

7.ein shoveh li’hanicham – they are not worth keeping

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