Esther 9:30, Question 2. Why does the verse describe this document using the word “truth?”

  • According to the Talmud (Megilla 16b), the truth to which this verse refers is the requirement for a kosher Megillas Esther scroll to be written with etched lines in the parchment.
  • The Maharal explains the symbolism of etched lines. First, H-Shem is straight in the sense of the letter of the law, but He is nevertheless kind. A line is also with no set beginning or end, like Torah, like Purim, and like H-Shem Himself.
  • Rav Yitzchak Hutner writes that etched lines refer to our hearts (parchment) on which the truth of Torah should be inscribed.

Esther 9:30, Question 1. Why is this document sent to so many places?

30. And he sent books to all of the Yehudim to the 127 states of the kingdom of Achashverosh – words of peace and truth.

  • R’ Moshe Dovid Valle writes that this document was sent to so many places to fulfill the mitzva of persumei nisa (“publicizing a miracle”).
  • Furthermore, as Dena Pishra points out, every Jewish community needed to receive this letter in order for everyone to respect other communities’ Purim as a minor festival.

Esther 4:8, Question 3. Why does Mordechai tell Hasach to both show and tell the document to Esther?

The Malbim writes, using the answer from the last post, that Mordechai here is showing the copy of the letter, and relating his interpretation of it. He adds that Mordechai could only get the summary version, not what the governors had. He had no other option than to mention the destruction left out of the actual public letter.