Esther 9:12, Question 2. Why does the verse mention the ten sons of Haman?

Pirkei d’Rebbe Eliezer (50) as explained by Peirush Maharzav, uses this verse’s mention of Haman’s ten sons, as well as three other mentions (Esther 9:10, 9:13, and 9:14) of his ten sons, to suggest that Haman had a total of forty sons, or ten times four.

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Esther 9:7, Question 2. Why is the format of this part of Megillas Esther different from the rest?

  • According to the Yosef Lekach, the format of this part of Megillas Esther is different from the rest, with each name on a separate line, to emphasize the prominence of these men.
  • The Talmud (Megillah 16b) writes that these verses are written like the bricks of a building because we do not want them to rise again.
  • This is also in keeping with the custom brought down by the Rema (Orach Chaim 690:15) to read from the last three words (chamesh meios ish) in Esther 9:6 until the first three words (asseres bnei Haman) in Esther 9:10 in one breath.
  • The Maharil explains the custom similarly that Haman’s sons were in command of these 500 men, and they were all killed at once, as though in one breath.