Esther 1:13, Question 3. What is the rule for kings in this case and what is the difference between “das” (knowledge) and “din” (justice)?

Rav Dovid Feinstein writes the king should be expected to ask advice before proclaiming a major ruling. In a case like this, though, he also needed a sense of what was best – not just what was right. This required both knowledge and justice. The Midrash (Esther Rabbah 4:1) points out that Achashverosh, though not a righteous man by any stretch of the imagination, still had a “mida tova” (good characteristic) of seeking advice before making big decisions. Rabbi Eliezer Ginzburg writes in Ginzei Hamelech that “justice” implies going beyond the letter of the law.