Esther 8:13, Question 1. Why does the verse use the term galui (“revealed”)?

יג פַּתְשֶׁגֶן הַכְּתָב לְהִנָּתֵן דָּת בְּכָלמְדִינָה וּמְדִינָה גָּלוּי לְכָלהָעַמִּים וְלִהְיוֹת הַיְּהוּדִיים [הַיְּהוּדִים] עַתִודִים [עַתִידִים] לַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לְהִנָּקֵם מֵאֹיְבֵיהֶם

13. Copies of the decree gave over the law in each state revealing to all the nations to allow the Yehudim to be ready for this day to avenge themselves from their enemies.

  • The Kad HaKemach explains that the verse uses the term galui (“revealed”) because, as opposed to Haman’s decree, which was intended to be secretive, this decree was meant to be fully known by all.
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Esther 4:13, Question 1. Why does the verse use the word “lihashiv” (to reply) instead of “lihashlech” (to send)?

יג וַיֹּאמֶר מָרְדֳּכַי לְהָשִׁיב אֶלאֶסְתֵּר אַלתְּדַמִּי בְנַפְשֵׁךְ לְהִמָּלֵט בֵּיתהַמֶּלֶךְ מִכָּלהַיְּהוּדִים

13. And Mordechai said to reply to Esther, “Do not imagine in your soul to escape the house of the king from all the Yehudim.

According to M’nos HaLevi, since Mordechai and Esther were using angels as their messengers, there was no longer the need for secrecy as implied by the word, “lihashlech” (“to send”). Angels do not need to be sent.

Esther 2:15, Question 2. Why does this verse mention Esther’s father’s name, one of two times (the other in 9:29) in the entire Megillas Esther?

  • The Malbim contends that Esther, besides possessing health and beauty, also had great character because of her distinguished father. We know that he was a great man because it says in the Talmud (hinted at in Megillah 10b) that all prophets must have good genealogy.
  • Another reason for her father to be mentioned here comes from the Maharal. He quotes the verse in the Torah (Bireishis 2:24) that says a man who finds his intended should cling to her. Maharal continues that a woman, too, clings to her husband after marriage. Therefore, Esther was connected to Mordechai up until this point, and will now have to cling to her new “husband,” Achashverosh.
  • The Talmud (Megillah 13b) says that Esther’s ancestors Rachel, Benyamin, and Shaul were all able to keep secrets. This characteristic was passed down through Avichayil to Esther. Rav Chaim Kanievsky says this verse emphasizes this genetic link to secrecy. This is why Esther’s father was not mentioned earlier when her secrecy was first mentioned (2:10 above), because there, she was commanded to be secretive by Mordechai, and this verse is attesting to her innate ability to do so for this long period of time.